Suda Kokuta: Abstractions

August 23 (Monday)–September 4 (Saturday), 2021

10:00–18:00 Open all days

As this summer is coming to a close, Shibunkaku Online Shop presents an exploration of a realm within imagination: the abstract world of Suda Kokuta (1906–1990). Suda, who garnered steadily growing recognition in Japan and internationally throughout the postwar period, has been a fixture of the Kansai art scene since his move there in the early 1940s. Well-connected to other artists, including Yoshihara Jirō, Morita Shiryū, Hasegawa Saburō or Tsutaka Waichi, Suda nevertheless was an individualist who went his own way (declining Yoshihara’s offer to join Gutai, for instance).

This exhibition centers on Suda’s abstract works, an approach that the painter engaged in from around 1948/9 to the late 1970s. The dated works in this exhibition range from 1959 to 1965, and seems likely that most, though perhaps not all, of the featured works stem from during or around the 1960s. Suda’s abstractions are not easy to categorize but it is telling that in many, if not most, of them he goes against the notion of painting as a flat projection space. Rather, that flatness needs to be challenged, which Suda does by either applying his materials in thick impasto layers, or adding objects such as pebbles or small stones to create three-dimensional surfaces.

Another technique he employs to great effect is embossing: objects are pressed against the paper ground, often from the back, resulting in round or rectangular impressions and bulges that Suda arranges into intricate patterns, sometimes even pinching holes into the paper (again, often from the back so that the torn paper projects towards the viewer). Suda exploits the particularities of the material, as in the case of paper which lends itself to perforation or deformation. The three-dimensional aspect is also used with oil colors that allow for layers that can be built up or scraped off again, or for the integration of unusual materials. In his abstract works, Suda thus created not so much paintings but things—vaguely three-dimensional objects that neither represent a reflection of the outside world, nor the image of the artist’s inner being, but objects that add to the world in their own right—in being nothing but themselves.

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Browse works

Chronology

1906

Born in Fukiage, Kitaadachi (Saitama Prefecture; present-day Kōnosu city).

1927

Applies unsuccessfully to the Tokyo Fine Arts School (he is rejected three more times).

1934

With the support of the painter Terauchi Manjirō, Suda becomes affiliated with the Kōfūkai art association. He attains full membership in 1940.

1935

His works are selected for the Second Section group, but Suda is deeply troubled by the suicide of a friend whose work was rejected.

1936

Suda participates for the first time in the Bunten exhibition. He continues to exhibit at Bunten and its successor exhibitions every year for the next ten years.

1941

Suda relocates to Kansai.

1946

Co-founds the Shinjukai group together with members of the Kōfūkai.

1948

Via introduction by Sugimoto Kenkichi, Suda joins the Tensekikai art group.

1949

Suda meets Hasegawa Saburō at the Tensekikai. Afterwards, Suda begins to concentrate on abstraction.

1950

Moves to Nishinomiya (Kobe).

1952

With Yoshihara Jirō, Tsutaka Waichi, Morita Shiryū and others, Suda participates in founding Genbi (Contemporary Art Discussion Group).

1955

With Yoshihara, Tsutaka and Yagi Kazuo, Suda co-founds the Kansai section of the International Art Club.

1967

Suda is appointed a professor at Kōshien Junior College (Nishinomiya), a position he holds until his death.

1970

Suda provides the illustrations for Shiba Ryōtarō’s On the Highways (Kaidō o yuku; published as a serial in Asahi Weekly). For material, Shiba and Suda visit places all over Japan and travel to Mongolia, China and Europe.

1981

The Original Art: On the Highways is published.

1984

Publishes a self-selected anthology of gouaches, My Mandala: Suda Kokuta’s World, and a collection of his essays, My Creative Work: Contemporary Art.

1990

Passes away at the age of 84.

Installation view: Abstraction (cat. no. 34), Mineral colors and pastel on paper, 79 x 60 cm. 1964.

Selected Exhibitions

1936

Submits Time of Rest to the Bunten exhibition.

1939

Reading Man earns a special mention at the 3rd New Bunten.

1947

Special mention for Pink Turban at the 3rd Nitten exhibition.

1955

Participates in the Japan America Abstract Arts exhibition at the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo.

1957

Submits three works to the 4th São Paulo Art Biennial, including Dissonant Noise.

1960

Solo exhibition at Forum Gallery, Osaka.

1961

Shows Metaphysical Reality at the Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting and Sculpture.

1963

Participates in the Trends in Contemporary Art: Japan and the West exhibition at the Kyoto branch of the National Museum of Modern Art.

1964

Solo exhibition at Gallery Beni, Kyoto.

1970

Solo exhibition at the Hankyū Department Store in Osaka, centering on abstract works.

1975

Group exhibition at the Hyōgo Prefectural Museum of Modern Art, Four Abstract Artists: Suda Kokuta, Tsutaka Waichi, Motonaga Sadamasa, Shiraga Kazuo.

1977

Solo exhibition at the Mitsukoshi Department Store in Nihonbashi (Tokyo). Around this time, Suda returns to figurative art, which he will pursue for the rest of his life.

1983

Participates in a contemporary calligraphy exhibition at Gallery Haku (Osaka). Other artists include Saitō Shinjō, Tsutaka Waichi and Motonaga Sadamasa.

1987

Participates in the Literati Calligraphy exhibition at the Saitama Prefectural Museum of Modern Art.

1989

Group exhibition Five Masters of Ink at the Sōgetsu Museum. Other artists include Nakagawa Yukio, Teshigahara Hiroshi, Tsutaka Waichi and Shimizu Shōsaku.

Works